In light of the unique challenges posed by porous borders, states recognize the importance of securing these borders the need for cross-border cooperation that allows inter-agency and neighboring border security agencies and border communities to collaborate with one another in a holistic way. A multilateral, coordinated approach to border management is integral to addressing the myriad of threats and challenges each state faces individually.
To address these challenges, jointly with the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Centre (UNCCT) and the Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF), established the Border Security Initiative (BSI), co-led by the United States and Morocco. The Good Practices in the Area of Border Security and Management in the Context of Counterterrorism and Stemming the Flow of Foreign Terrorist Fighters were adopted at the Seventh Ministerial Plenary Meeting in New York in September 2016.
These good practices are intended to inform and guide governments as they develop policies, programs, and approaches for effective BSM, cross-border cooperation, and border surveillance in a counterterrorism context. They can also be used to shape bilateral or multilateral technical or other capacity-building assistance provide in these areas.
This initiative included a study tour in Cairns, Australia, on 25-26 August 2015, an experts workshop in Vienna, Austria, on 10-11 September 2015, in addition to workshops focusing on the specific needs of the Horn of Africa and Sahel regions, including two regional workshops on the Horn of Africa held in Nairobi, Kenya, on 3-4 December 2015, and Djibouti City, Djibouti, on 29-30 May 2016; and a regional workshop on the Sahel region held in Dakar, Senegal, on 11-12 May 2016.