As the number of foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) leaving for Syria and Iraq continues to dwindle, countries are faced with increased numbers of terrorist attacks being committed by ISIL/Da’esh and other terrorist groups - inspired and linked homegrown terrorists who have not set foot in a conflict zone. The recent attacks in different regions are all examples of this growing phenomenon, and research confirms that this trend continues to rise.
The GCTF Initiative to Address Homegrown Terrorism, led by Morocco and the United States under the auspices of the GCTF FTF Working Group, in collaboration with the International Institute for Justice and the Rule of Law (IIJ), developed the GCTF Rabat – Washington Good Practices on the Prevention, Detection, Intervention and Response to Homegrown Terrorism. The Good Practices document aims to support practitioners and policy-makers to address homegrown terrorism in a practical and holistic manner. The document was endorsed at the Ninth GCTF Ministerial Plenary Meeting in New York in September 2018.
The Initiative activities included a GCTF launch event, held in Malta in November 2017 and two IIJ-led practitioner workshops held in January and April 2018. The workshops focused on the role of civil society and law enforcement in prevention and intervention activities and the challenges within the criminal justice system that hinder timely detection of homegrown terrorism. During a Good Practices Review Meeting organized in Rabat, Morocco, in June 2018, the Good Practices document was presented to GCTF Members for review and discussion.