In light of the unique challenges posed by porous borders, states recognize the importance of securing these borders as well as the need for cross-border cooperation that allows inter-agency and neighboring border security agencies and border communities to collaborate with one another in a holistic way. A multilateral, coordinated approach to border management is integral to addressing the myriad of threats and challenges each state faces individually.
To address these challenges, Morocco and the United States in partnership with the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Centre (UNCCT), launched the Border Security Initiative under the auspices of the GCTF in September 2015. At the Seventh GCTF Ministerial Plenary Meeting in New York in September 2016, the Good Practices in the Area of Border Security and Management in the Context of Counterterrorism and Stemming the Flow of Foreign Terrorist Fighters were endorsed.
These Good Practices are intended to inform and guide governments as they develop policies, programs, and approaches for effective border security management, cross-border cooperation, and border surveillance in a counterterrorism context. They can also be used to shape bilateral or multilateral technical or other capacity-building assistance provided in these areas.
This initiative included a study tour in Cairns, Australia, in August 2015 as well as an expert workshop in Vienna, Austria, in September 2015. In addition, workshops focusing on the specific needs of the Horn of Africa and Sahel regions, including two regional workshops on the Horn of Africa held in Nairobi, Kenya, in December 2015, and Dijbouti, in May 2016; and a regional workshop on the Sahel region held in Dakar, Senegal, in May 2016 were organized.
Border Security Initiative Training of Trainers (ToT) Curriculum
To support the development of training courses that address the Good Practices in the Area of Border Security and Management to Counter Terrorism and Stem the Flow of Foreign Terrorist Fighters, a Training of Trainers (ToT) Curriculum was developed in collaboration with the UNCCT. The document will help GCTF Members to build capacity to better secure their borders. The curriculum serves as a guideline to train border security officials to in turn train other border officers within the respective national border law enforcement agencies.