Violent extremist and terrorist groups are increasingly using communication technologies to fundraise, intimidate, train, radicalize, recruit and incite others to commit violent extremist and terrorist acts. Governments should take appropriate steps to prevent and counter the use of the Internet for violent extremist and terrorist purposes (including through social media), while respecting privacy and freedoms of expression, association, peaceful assembly, and religion or belief, as well as the need to preserve global connectivity and the free and secure flow of information.
The Strategic Communications Initiative, co-led by Switzerland and the United Kingdom, under the auspices of the GCTF CVE Working Group, developed the Zurich‐London Recommendations on Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism and Terrorism Online to address overarching good practices for preventing and countering violent extremism online, as well as specific good practices for content‐ and communications‐based responses. The document was endorsed at the Eighth GCTF Ministerial Plenary Meeting in New York in September 2017.
In September 2018, Australia, Switzerland and the United Kingdom launched an Initiative to develop a Policy Toolkit to operationalize the Zurich-London Recommendations. The Toolkit is also available in both Arabic and French.