Juvenile Justice in a Counterterrorism Context
NAXXAR - Malta - Under the auspices of the GCTF’s Criminal Justice and Rule of Law (CJ-ROL) Working Group, the International Institute for Justice and the Rule of Law (IIJ), the Government of Switzerland and the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) hosted an expert meeting on Juvenile Justice in a Counterterrorism Context on 10-12 November 2015, in Naxxar, Malta.
The conference built on the CJ-ROL Working Group plenary meeting, on 13-14 April 2015 in Valletta, Malta, where Switzerland proposed to add Juvenile Justice to the Working Group work plan. The objective of the meeting was to bring together experts (judges, prosecutors, investigators, legislators and representatives from the psycho-social field) from GCTF Members and several organizations to raise awareness about the necessity to link counterterrorism with juvenile justice standards and practices, review existing systems and challenges, and to propose recommendations for strengthening this field of the justice system.
Key themes of discussion included:
- The challenge of translating the extensive international legal framework into national law, standards and practice.
- The dual victim/offender status of a juvenile involved in terrorist activities should always be considered during the implementation of prevention, detention, non-custodial and reintegration measures.
- The context and the case-by-case basis approach should always be promoted.
- Investigating and prosecuting a terrorism case involving a child/juvenile requires special procedures to be implemented.
- The detention of juveniles should always be the measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate period of time.
- Governments and organizations need to move from “countering” violent extremism to “preventing” it.
- A comprehensive government and community-based approach has to be promoted.
The GCTF Coordinating Committee convened for its ninth meeting in The Hague, the Netherlands, on 12 and 13 April 2016. Member States and representatives of the GCTF partner organizations reviewed the Forum’s strategic priorities, considered the ongoing and planned initiatives, and reviewed activities since the previous Coordinating Committee Meeting in New York, held on 25 September 2015...